A brief history of wind power development in China

 

China's wind development started in the late 1990s with small scale demonstration programs with heavy government subsidies. In the early 2000s, the concession tender process kicked off several large projects, but the boom had not yet started.

The real industrialized development started in 2005, when the Renewable Energy Law was ratified by the National Congress. This law gave huge momentum to renewable, especially wind as the industry exploded. From 2007-2010, it doubled its installation for four years in a row. By the end of 2009, China surpassed the US in terms of the annual installed capacity and became the world champion. In 2010, China became the global lead on both annual installed capacity and cumulative installed capacity. China's leading role in the global market continued in 2011, and was contributing almost 43% of the global annual market, more than 26% of the global cumulative market.

China is a newcomer in this industry, compared with some European countries who have had wind power for 25 years. The government's strong support is the key reason for the rapid development of the wind development:

a) Renewable Energy Law and its implementation regulations: The law gave huge momentum so the

b) Feed in tariff: finally entered into force in 2008 and was based on the regional tariffs in China prevailing from 2006-2008. Four different tariff levels associated with four categories of wind resources. The four tariff levels are $8 cents /kwh, $8.6 cents/kwh, $9.2 cents/kwh and $9.7cents/kwh.

 

2012 Review of the Chinese Market

 

The China Wind Energy Outlook 2012 is the fourth edition in the series, following the 2007, 2008 and 2010 editions jointly published by the Chinese Renewable Energy Industry Association, Greenpeace, GWEC and the Chinese Wind Energy Association. This year's version takes stock of the Chinese wind energy market, providing a comprehensive outlook on the current status of the industry with prospects for the future.

 

Click here for the full report.

 

2010 Review of the Chinese Market

 

2010 was another good year for wind power development in China. With an annual installed capacity of nearly 19GW, the country secured its position as the world's leading wind player. In 2010, China alone contributed to nearly half of the global new wind installed capacity. As the market in the United States was affected by both the global financial crisis and the shale gas boom, China has truly become the driving force of the global wind market.

 

Click here for the full article.

 

2009 Review of The Chinese Market

 

Wind power development in China continues to be strong, doubling for a fifth year in a row in 2009. For the first time last year, China lead the world in new installed capacity with an annual installation of 13.8GW. China became the second largest country in terms of cumulative installed capacity in 2009 surpassing Germany with a slight margin. In the meantime, three Chinese turbine manufactures - Sinovel, Goldwind and Dongfang - joined the list of the world's largest turbine manufacturers and there are five Chinese manufacturers on the top 15 list.

 

Click here for the full article.

 

 

Further reading

China Wind Energy Outlook 2012
China Wind Energy Outlook 2010
China Wind Energy Outlook 2007